When you’re setting up a Wi-Fi network, it’s important to understand the different Wi-Fi standards that are available. These standards determine the maximum speed and range of your network, and can affect the reliability of your connection. Here’s a quick rundown of the most common Wi-Fi standards you should know:
In general, you’ll want to choose a Wi-Fi standard that meets your needs for speed and range, while also ensuring that your devices are compatible with the standard. Be sure to check the specifications of your devices and your router to ensure that they all use the same Wi-Fi standard for best results.
Today, every home and business, owners have a WiFi Router and looking for a reliable network. But Because of the rapid growth of this technology they face many sorts of acronyms for WiFi standards. You should be familiar with wifi standards specifications, they all basically mean a few things:
To make it easier to understand, Just think how far can a wireless signal go, and how fast can it transmit data. Now the standards will make more sense.
Wifi standards rapidly changed every few years to bring faster internet, better connections and more simultaneous users.
You may all have heard about the IEEE 802.11 and WiFi standards, almost both have the same meaning but the term WiFi is synonymous with wireless access in general. WiFi is a specific trademark owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance, a group dedicated to certifying that WiFi products meet the IEEE 802.11 wireless standards.
Speed and Frequency are two fundamental changes in WiFi standards.
Read More: How to Extend WiFi Range
Here’s a WiFi standards chart (Table) of each 802.11 standards type based on its designation:
One of the older Wi-Fi standards, 802.11b has a maximum speed of 11 Mbps and a range of about 150 feet. This standard is rarely used today.
A popular Wi-Fi standard in the mid-2000s, 802.11g has a maximum speed of 54 Mbps and a range of about 150 feet. This standard is still used today, but is being phased out in favor of newer standards.
A newer Wi-Fi standard that debuted in 2009, 802.11n has a maximum speed of 600 Mbps and a range of about 300 feet. This standard is still common today, but is being replaced by even newer standards.
The current Wi-Fi standard for high-speed connections, 802.11ac has a maximum speed of 1 Gbps and a range of about 300 feet. This standard is ideal for streaming video or other bandwidth-intensive tasks.
The upcoming Wi-Fi standard for even faster connections, 802.11ax promises to deliver speeds of up to 10 Gbps. This standard is still in development and is not yet widely available.
From April 2020, the WiFi 6E standard was officially introduced and the 6Ghz frequency was added to the allowed frequencies of WiFi networks.
Standards compatibility considerations in WiFi Routers:
Read More: What is WiFi Channel and Channel Width
Over time, different classifications of WiFi networks were given different naming conventions. All of them are using the same scheme for example:
As you see , both using the same schema, and it can be a little confusing for users to understand and differentiate between them.
Recently , the WiFi standard has changed to a new classification, to help make it easier for consumers to understand. Instead of memorizing a dual-purposed alphabet combination, they can use a simple naming. As can see in the followint table , you can use “WiFi 5” instead of “802.11ac or “WiFi 6” instead of “802.11ax” .
Technically, WiFi 6 is the successor to the WiFi5 (802.11ac) standard and operates in the 2.4GHz and 5GHz spectrum. This standard enables WiFi Routers and Clients to send more data in one transmission stream, resulting in speed improvements of up to 20% to 40% with higher modulation rate (1024-QAM). Higher modulation increases the efficiency and speed of data transmission on your network.
The 2.4Ghz band is available in WiFi6 standard, while the industry has shifted to 5GHz WiFi for less interference. 2.4GHz is still better at penetrating solid objects. And there shouldn’t be as much interference for 2.4GHz as old wireless (non-WiFi but 2.4GHz) equipment like cordless telephones and wireless baby monitors are retired.
The advantages of Wi-Fi 6 at a glance: